Ramps (including landings)

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If you have the space and it is practical to construct, a ramp is more accessible than steps. Depending on the height gain you may need to incorporate ‘landing’ spaces to allow rest points along the slope. In some situations you may need to build a ramp with landings as a series of zig-zags to gain the height, and it is useful to include a set of steps to allow a shorter route.

The maximum recommended gradient of the ramp itself depends on the location, but in all cases a flat ‘landing’ area should be provided for each 750mm of height gained. Each landing should be at least 1.5m long.

For people to use ramps easily, the Fieldfare Trust Countryside for All Good Practice Guide (2005) recommends that a ramp should be no longer than 15m before a rest area or landing is provided. The maximum steepness of ramps for urban or urban fringe paths is recommended to be 8.3% (1:12) and 10% (1:10) for rural paths.

Ramps with landings are built in much the same way as a path and should be even and non-slip with no loose stone in excess of 5mm in size. The crossfall of a ramp should be no steeper than 2% (1:50).

For more information about ramps, refer to the 'Countryside Access Design Guide' (Scottish Natural Heritage) key design principles and specifications for ramps here.

© 2014 Paths for All - Registered Scottish Charity No: SC025535, Company Limited by Guarantee No: 168554 inc. 19 Sept 1996 at Companies House, Edinburgh